How To Read A Credit Report

How to Read a Credit Report

Credit reports contain records about our history of borrowing and repaying loans and lines of credit. And while these ultra-important documents (each person has a credit report from each of the three major credit bureaus) are freely accessible to consumers at least once per year, they can be bewildering to those who have never reviewed one before.

With that in mind, we’ve highlighted what each major credit report looks like in addition to breaking down a sample credit report – translating each line into plain English and showing you what to focus on. Hopefully, this will help you make better use of your credit information.

Do Student Loans Affect Credit? All You Need to Know

Do Student Loans Affect Credit

Yes, student loans do affect your credit standing. In fact, there is little difference between the credit-building capabilities of a student loan and a standard personal loan. Your lender will report account information to the major credit bureaus each payment period, thereby adding positive information to your file and thus boosting your score – assuming you pay as agreed.

There are, however, certain circumstantial differences that set student loans apart from other types of loans and lines of credit. For example, while the fact that you have a student loan will be noted on your major credit reports during school, federal student loans don’t begin reporting payment information to the major credit bureaus until you have graduated and the deferment period ends. To learn more about building credit with a student loan, continue reading below.

Credit Repair Companies: Best Ones, Scams & More

Credit Repair

There is no quick fix for credit problems. In fact, there is very little you can pay a so-called credit repair company to do that you cannot easily do yourself for free.

That’s why companies purporting the ability to improve, repair or “fix” people’s credit are generally regarded as scams or poor value propositions. They’re either shady through-and-through, promising things they’re not legally able to provide, or they’re simply overcharging for minimal work that actually makes for the perfect DIY project. After all, your top priorities at this point in your credit career should be saving as much as possible, making sure your credit and loan accounts are in good standing and never missing a single monthly minimum payment.

Your Credit Card Receipt: Everything You Need To Know

Credit Card Receipt

Our wallets are full of them. They’re scattered all over our cars, and we find them stashed in our pockets — and no, we aren’t talking about dollar bills or even loose change. We’re referring to credit card receipts. Despite many regarding them as obsolete paperwork, receipts have a clearly defined role in the current payments landscape.

We’ll go into more detail about that below, as well as explain what receipts to keep, whether or not you have to sign them, and tips for avoiding common mistakes.

FICO Score: Range, What’s Good & Free Options


The Fair Isaac Corporation issues one of the most widely-used credit score – the FICO Scores. Your FICO Score commonly influences the credit card and loan terms you can qualify for, the insurance premiums you pay as well as your ability to rent an apartment or lease a car.

This score is essentially a three-digit representation of the information in your credit report and ranges from 300 (Bad) to 850 (Excellent). One of the most confusing things about FICO Scores is that numerous variations exist, including individual scores based on Experian, Equifax and TransUnion credit reports and others tailored to specific types of transactions – such as mortgages and auto loans.

How to Build Credit as a Student: Tips, Pitfalls & More

Student Build Credit

It is extremely important to begin building credit as a student. Your credit score is very valuable, dictating what loan and credit card terms you can get, the insurance premiums you pay, your ability to rent an apartment or lease a car and – perhaps most importantly – your eligibility for certain jobs, particularly those requiring a security clearance or entailing monetary responsibility. And, the best part is, everyone starts with a clean slate.

That’s actually a double-edged sword in that only two paths exist from your starting point:  up and down. You don’t want to take the latter route, as it would take you into bad credit territory and leave you facing an even steeper climb in your already uphill quest for financial success. Starting your credit career on the right foot, on the other hand, puts you in position to save hundreds (or even thousands) of dollars after graduation.

Credit Pulls: What Are Hard & Soft Inquiries?

Credit Pulls

As if there wasn’t enough confusion surrounding the topic of credit reports, credit inquiries – also commonly referred to as credit “checks” or ”pulls” – make things even more complex. That’s because there are two different types: hard inquiries and soft inquiries. And although both types are triggered by someone viewing your credit report, they have drastically different implications on your credit score. In addition to all of that, credit inquiries can also be perplexing because creditors have the option of viewing reports from multiple credit bureaus. But don’t worry. We’ll explain all of that and more below.

Credit Card Fraud: What It Is & How To Prevent It

Credit Card Fraud

Financial scammers – especially those who are tech-savvy – are thriving in our digital age. Nearly 70% more Americans were impacted by financial data breaches in 2012 than in 2010, according to CardHub research, and $94 million worth of credit card fraud was reported in 2012.

Credit card fraud can be classified into two different categories. One is a form of identity theft, which occurs when someone else impersonates you in order to open credit card accounts under your name. Alternatively, the other type happens when your credit card or card information is retrieved to make unauthorized purchases. Both are troublesome to resolve, so one should take steps to stay informed and to protect themself.

Most Common Debt Collection Scams & How To Avoid Them

Debt Collection Scams

Are you receiving demanding phone calls from debt collectors? Being threatened with a lawsuit? If your situation remotely resembles that of a loan shark hunting down its prey, then consider waiting before turning your wallet inside out – because there is a chance that you’re the target of a debt collection scam.

Debt collection scams have grown more prevalent in recent years, catching thousands of U.S. consumers off-guard. These schemes often involve fraudsters impersonating debt collectors to con individuals into repaying their “debts,” while simply pocketing the money themselves.

What Happens to Debt When You Die

What happens to debt when you die

We can’t tell you what happens when you die, but we can tell you what will happen to your debt. Whether you owe money on credit cards, mortgages, student loans or other types of debt, the rule of thumb is that your heirs will not be held liable. In other words, individuals cannot “pass on” or “inherit” debt when a loved one passes away.

There are, however, a few important exceptions to this rule. To learn more, continue reading below.

How to Increase Your Credit Limit: Tips, Alternatives & More

How to Get a Higher Credit Limit

It is indeed possible to request and receive a credit line increase. Credit card companies grant them all the time, typically to trusted customers who have proven themselves capable of paying their bill on time every month and maintaining a reasonable credit utilization ratio . A good rationale for the bump in spending power – a recent raise, for example – doesn’t hurt either.

With that being said, it’s also important to examine your own motives in seeking a higher spending limit. Is it a noble pursuit, perhaps in seek of a lower utilization and a higher credit score? Or are you motivated by consumption, the desire to support unsustainable spending habits no matter how much debt you rack up? There are both responsible and reckless credit limit increases, you see, and it’s important to make sure you are not merely adding fuel to a fire.

CardHub’s Credit Predictions for 2015

CardHub Predictions 15B

A crystal ball is a valuable thing. After all, if any of us truly had one, we could make a killing in the stock market. But while 20-20 vision is ultimately reserved for hindsight and no one can actually predict the future, we can indeed make some educated guesses as to what the coming months will hold for our wallets.

Doing so is especially important as we prepare to celebrate the holidays, ring in the New Year, and turn the page on 2014 because it will enable us to chart a path toward financial success in 2015 and away from missteps and money loss. With that in mind, CardHub’s editors have consulted a number of prominent financial experts in making predictions for what 2015 has in store for the credit markets, from debt levels to interest rates.

Placing Fraud Alerts On Your Credit Report: When and How To Do It

Fraud Alert Credit Report

Identity theft has become increasingly common – but so have preventive measures. Although there are various methods to choose from, one of the most effective ways to go about protecting yourself is to take advantage of a fraud alert. Fraud alerts are messages you can add to your credit report from each major credit bureau (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) indicating that you believe you may be a potential victim of identity theft. Therefore, when people (such as potential creditors, renters or anyone who needs to pull your credit) view your credit report, they will be notified that further steps are needed to verify your identity. These extra steps significantly mitigate the chances of someone else establishing new lines of credit in your name without your consent.

Credit Card Reconsideration: How and When To Request It

Credit Card Reconsideration

No one enjoys rejection – especially from banks. It’s pretty frustrating to be informed that you are not eligible for the credit card you’ve been waiting for. The reasons are endless; they tell you it’s because of your recent delinquency, or maybe, it’s because you have too many active accounts open. Regardless, it is important to know that you can get your credit card application reassessed and it is often worth a shot – after all, you have nothing to lose. Doing so is often known as a credit card reconsideration, meaning that you reengage with the same issuer to politely negotiate your way to an approval.

Generally, your initial rejection is issued to you by a computer with an algorithm that is designed to turn down people with select types of credit histories. However, note that issuers are required to reconsider your applications upon request. Under regulation 1002.6 in the ‘Equal Credit Opportunity Act’, it states that creditors shall consider “any information the applicant may present that tends to indicate the credit history being considered by the creditor does not accurately reflect the applicant’s creditworthiness”. Therefore, you can get in touch with an actual human representative to reposition your case by providing more information. They tend to have more empathy and understanding than the computers regarding your application – if you maneuver the process correctly, that is. Thus, if you were rejected the first time, you might have a better shot the second time by requesting a reconsideration.

Credit Freeze: When & How to Do It

Credit Freeze

Although identity theft only happens to a fraction of us, the repercussions can be extremely severe and tedious to resolve. Thus, it is recommended that you consider preventive methods whenever possible. One such preventive measure is called a credit freeze. Freezing your credit – also known as “locking”, “sealing” or “securing” your credit – essentially means that you preclude your credit reports from being accessed by most third parties.

A credit freeze prevents fraudsters from using your personally identifying information to open financial accounts or make transactions that require a credit check under your name. In other words, it nips certain types of financial fraud in the bud, enabling you to avoid the monetary loss and potential credit score damage that often accompanies them. Below you can learn more about how a credit freeze works, how much it costs, and alternative measures for protecting your financial life.

What Is A Good Credit Score?

 What Is A Good Credit Score

The FICO credit score is what most banks and lenders use, and anything in the 660-720 range is considered a good credit score under the FICO model (the higher the better).

However, there are more than 1,000 different types of credit scores, and they often utilize different score ranges. So, what’s a good credit score under one model might not be considered good under another. For example, 700 would denote good credit if it’s from FICO but would be below the good credit score range of the Vantage scale. The chart below shows the breakdown for the two most popular credit scores.

Credit Monitoring: What It Is, What to Watch Out For & How to Use It

Credit Monitoring

Most people use credit monitoring to get notified about fraud as quickly as possible and, ultimately, minimize its impact on their finances.  It entails signing up for a service that keeps tabs on one or more of your major credit reports and then notifies you whenever a new account gets opened under your name, someone makes an inquiry into your file, or other potentially suspicious activity crops up.  Many credit monitoring packages also provide you with access to at least one of your credit reports and credit scores.  As such, consumers often use credit monitoring simply to keep track of their credit building progress.

A variety of different companies offer credit monitoring services, including the three major credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion) and most of the major banks.  It’s no surprise that there’s a large market for such a product either, as identity theft has topped the Federal Trade Commission’s annual list of the most common consumer complaints for more than a decade.  And while credit monitoring won’t, strictly speaking, prevent identity theft or related credit card/loan fraud, it does have the potential to alert you about unauthorized access to your personal information before you would otherwise notice a problem.

Identity Theft: What It Is, How It Happens & the Best Protection

Identity Theft

Identity theft occurs when someone gains unauthorized access to your personally identifying information – such as your name, Social Security Number (SSN), or bank account information – and uses it to commit fraud or other crimes.

The crimes that an identity thief is able to commit with your personal information range from applying for a credit card under your name before subsequently racking up prodigious charges to poaching your tax refund.  In some cases, identity thieves are even able to assume an unsuspecting person’s identity entirely, obtaining identification bearing their name and often committing crimes “as that person.”

CardHub’s 2014 Credit Predictions

Card Hub Predictions 14

UPDATE: The results are in! At the end of each year, we at CardHub like to revisit the predictions that we put forth for the credit markets and grade our performance. You can check out the marks we received and the rationale for each grade below. If you disagree with our assessment, be sure to let us know about it in the comments section!

The holiday season tends to be a time for nostalgia and reflection.  But as the calendar turns from 2013 to 2014, we will undoubtedly begin looking to the future, making resolutions and pondering the potential for new beginnings that always accompanies a New Year.  But why wait to see what 2014 has in store?  Foresight is important in finance, so let’s make some predictions for what awaits our wallets in 2014.

How to Fix Credit Report Errors

 Fix Credit Report Errors

The importance of your Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion credit reports cannot be understated, as all credit scores are based on the information in these reports and your credit standing dictates the credit card and loan terms that you qualify for, where you are able to live, the car you drive, and even the jobs you can get. But while certain types of information should be included in your credit reports, errors are not among them.

Credit report errors are unfortunately an all too common fact of life, however. The Federal Trade Commission estimates that roughly 1 in 5 people (or about 42 million Americans) have an inaccurate credit report, and other studies indicate that the prevalence of credit report mistakes is even higher. For example, the non-profit group American Consumer Credit Counseling pegs the error rate at an astounding 90%.

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Our content is intended for general educational purposes and should not be relied upon as the sole basis for managing your finances. Furthermore, the materials on this website do not constitute legal advice and should not be relied upon as such. If you have any legal questions, please consult an attorney. Please let us know if you have any questions or suggestions.